Roanoke College

Non-ENVI Courses


Courses offered outside ENVI that may count in the major or be of interest to students

Some of the courses listed here are offered in alternate years. For a listing of courses currently offered, please consult courses offered list and the academic catalog.


Biology (BIOL)

BIOL 205 General Ecology

A study of the interrelationships between organisms and the environment. Emphasis will focus on the physical and biological factors that influence ecosystem functions and the detrimental effects that occur from environment disturbances.  Lecture 3hrs/wk; Laboratory: 3 hrs/wk. Prerequisite: BIOL 125 or ENVI 230

BIOL 235 General Microbiology

The morphology, taxonomy, ecology, and economic importance of representative microorganisms, with emphasis on bacteria.  Human health issues such as sexually transmitted diseases and food safety, and plant health issues will be covered.  Microbiological aspects of water and soil will also be examined.  Emphasis in the laboratory will be placed on proper application of microbiological techniques.  Lecture 3hrs/wk; Laboratory 3 hrs/wk. Prerequisite: Biology 120 and 125 or permission

BIOL 240 Algae & Fungi

Morphology, physiology, and ecology of these organisms will be emphasized including field trips to study them in their natural habitats.  Lecture 3 hrs/wk; Laboratory 3 hrs/wk.  Prerequisite: Biology 120 and 125 or permission.

BIOL 265 Plant Diversity

The evolutionary relationships, life histories, and field studies of bryophytes, ferns and their relatives, and vascular plants. Field trips to appreciate botanical history, farming impacts, and plant development are included. (1)  Lecture: 3 hrs/wk.; Laboratory: 3 hrs/wk.  Prerequisites: BIOL 120 and 125 or permission.

BIOL 270 Invertebrate Biology

A study of the invertebrate animals including phylogenetic relationships among the taxa and focusing on the physiology, embryology, ecology, and behavior of representative forms. (1)
Lecture: 3 hrs/wk.; Laboratory: 3 hrs/wk.  Prerequisites: BIOL 120 and 125 or permission.

BIOL 275 Vertebrate Biology

Identification, morphology, phylogeny, zoogeography, ecological physiology, and behavior of vertebrates. (1)
Lecture 3 hrs/wk.; Laboratory: 3 hrs/wk.   Prerequisites: BIOL 120 and 125 or permission.

BIOL 280 Animal Biology

A study of the Kingdom Animalia, focusing on phylogeny, taxonomy and structure/function of representative animal types. (1)
Lecture: 3hrs/wk; Laboratory: 3hrs/wk.   Prerequisite: BIOL 120 and125 or permission.

BIOL 300 Aquatic Ecology

Synthesis of biological, chemical, and physical factors and processes in streams and lakes. Field work and laboratory analyses of samples collected.  (1)
Lecture 3 hrs/wk.; Laboratory 3 hrs/wk.  Prerequisites:  One 200-level BIOL course

BIOL 330 Community Ecology

An exploration of the causes of biological diversity in communities and how diversity and species interactions produce emergent properties that form ecosystem functions. (1)
Lecture 3 hrs/wk.; Laboratory 3 hrs/wk  Prerequisites: BIOL 125 and one 200-level BIOL course.

Chemistry (CHEM)

CHEM 270 Environmental Chemistry

A study of the sources, reactions, transport, and fate of chemicals in the air, water and soil environments, as well as the effects of these compounds on human health and the natural environment. The chemistry of both natural and anthropogenic processes will be examined. Lecture 3 hrs/wk.; Laboratory 3 hrs/wk.  Prerequisite: Chem 112.

Economics (ECON)

ECON 287 Economics and the Environment

This course deals with various approaches to the relationship between economic activity and the environment, with an emphasis on examples drawn from various environmental issues and regions in our globalized world.  Lecture 3 hrs/wk

ECON 448 Introduction to Econometrics

An introduction to the statistical methods used in empirical economic research. The objective of the course is to provide both a working knowledge of econometric theory and an applied experience through estimating empirical models using econometric software. (1)
Lecture: 3 hrs/wk.  Prerequisite: ECON 321 or 322, and INQ 240; or permission of the instructor

History (HIST)

HIST 210 Environmental History

A survey which explores the relationship between history and the environment, with focus on a specific area of the world, the connection between a people and its habitat through time.  Lecture 3 hrs/wk.

Philosophy (PHIL)

PHIL 212 Topics in Environmental Philosophy

An introduction to environmental philosophy.  It will focus on philosophical questions germane to the relationship between humans and the environment.  What is the environment? What is the appropriate relationship between humans and the environment?  Does technology help or hinder this relationship?  What responsibilities do humans have with regard to natural resources? Lecture 3 hrs/wk

PHIL 231 Religion, Philosophy, and Science

An examination of the confrontations, compatibilities, and cooperation among religious thought, philosophy, and scientific inquiry.  Topics will include philosophical analyses of science, the debates between the natural sciences and Western religion, recent developments in the social sciences,  and insights from Eastern religions.  Lecture 3 hrs/wk.

Political Science (POLI)

POLI 201 State and Local Government

An examination of the politics, structures, and policies of American state and local governments. (1)
Lecture: 3 hrs/wk.  Prerequisite: POLI 101 or ENVI 250 or permission.

POLI 202 American Political Behavior

An analysis of the political process in the United States, including political parties, interest groups, public opinion, elections, and voting behavior. (1)
Lecture: 3 hrs/wk.  Prerequisite: POLI 101 or ENVI 250 or permission.

POLI 205 American Political Institutions

An examination of the power, restraints, and politics of the Presidency, the Congress and the Supreme Court. (1)
Lecture: 3 hrs/wk.  Prerequisite: POLI 101 or ENVI 250 or permission.

POLI 209 Research Methods

An examination of the research methodologies and techniques used in the study of public policy and politics. The course emphasizes both qualitative and quantitative methods. The lab focuses on statistical applications. Lecture 3 hrs/wk; Laboratory 3 hrs/wk. Prerequisite: POLI 101 and two other courses in the major or ENVI 250

POLI 333 Global Political Economy

A introduction to the relationship between politics and economics at the theoretical and policy levels. (1)
Lecture: 3 hrs/wk. Prerequisite: POLI 231.

POLI 351 Environmental Public Policy

An examination of environmental policy-making and environmental issues at local, national, and international levels.  Lecture 3 hrs/wk.  Prerequisite: POLI 101 or ENVI 250.

Sociology (SOCI)

SOCI 215 Social Movements

Study of the social and political context of social movements. Topics include conditions hindering or facilitating movements, organization, participation and recruitment, framing, tactics and strategies, influence of the state and other movements, and social change. (1) Lecture: 3 hrs/wk. Prerequisite: SOCI 101 or INQ 260SO or permission of the instructor.

SOCI 315 Political Sociology

An analysis of power, politics, the state, and international entities from a sociological perspective. Topics include power and authority, political and economic systems, inequality, political parties, social movements, nation-states, and globalization. (1)
Lecture: 3 hrs/wk. Prerequisite: One 200-level SOCI course or permission of the instructor.

SOCI 324 Social Stratification

An analysis of the distribution of power, prestige, and wealth in the United States and the societies of other countries. Topics include social classes and their effects on behavior and social mobility. (1)
Lecture: 3 hrs/wk. Prerequisite: One 200-level SOCI course, or permission of the instructor.

SOCI 325 Sociology of Communities

A study of community life, including theoretical and methodological approaches to both rural and urban communities. Topics include social relationships in community, community structure and organization, historical development of urban community, urbanism as a way of life, the impact of social change on community, comparative communities, and social planning in communities. (1)
Lecture: 3 hrs/wk.  Prerequisite: One 200-level SOCI course, or permission of the instructor.

SOCI 335 Global Population Problems

An analysis of population structure and dynamics as influenced by cultural, political, economic, and environmental factors.  This course focuses attention to the social determinants of population problems, while exploring their consequences and policy implications for individuals, their societies, and the world.  Lecture 3 hrs/wk  Prerequisite: One 200-level Sociology course.

SOCI 337 Environmental Sociology

An examination of the interrelationships between societies and their environments, and an analysis of sociological aspects of environmental problems.  This course will focus on the population and organizational aspects of environmental problems as well as elements of social change involved with environmental social action.  Lecture 3 hrs/wk  Prerequisite: ENVI 250

SOCI 340 Crowds, Panics, and Disasters

An analysis of emergent, comparatively unstructured, and spontaneous collectivities and social processes within societies. The course gives special attention to social behavior during normative breakdowns, crisis situations, and periods of dissent. Group behavior during riots and disasters is examined, along with the dynamics of panics and rumor. (1) Lecture: 3 hrs/wk.